In both accounts, it is clear that the timing of this cursing is of critical relevance. The "these things" in verse 31 refers to the question asked in verse 7 and Jesus ' subsequent answer in verses 8-28. With the cursing of the fig tree, He was symbolically denouncing Israel as a nation and, in a sense, even denouncing unfruitful “Christians” (that is, people who profess to be Christian but have no evidence of a relationship with Christ). Some theologians believe and teach that He is speaking about the time leading up to the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Were they more wicked than the rest? So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Jesus told the disciples and I believe He is telling believers today why He spoke in parables, “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given” (Matt 13:11). About this commentary: Christ relates the Parable of the Fig Tree (verses 29-33) to give instruction regarding His warnings in the previous verses. Previous commentary: 1 The wickedness of Jerusalem is exemplified by the stoning of Stephen and the subsequent persecution of … “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given”, “to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand”, “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. Jesus' miracle involving the fig tree (Matthew 21:18-22; Mark 11:12-14, 20-24) is the only one in which He brings judgment by a miracle.All the other miracles are acts of goodness and mercy. To reiterate this moral, Jesus tells the story of the fig tree, the vineyard owner, and the gardener who took care of the vineyard. There is something that just feels rich and decadent about figs. Jesus then asks them about the Judeans killed when the tower of Siloam fell down. The people of this nation are in a covenant relationship with God, and they might outwardly appear to observe his Law. Mt 24:32-34: Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and puts forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh. According to Smith’s Bible Dictionary, the fig tree was very common to the area both in Biblical times and still today. Is Jesus saying that when the branch puts forth its leaves then the time of His second coming is near? This represents the state of the nation and people of the Jews in particular. 12 And on the morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry: 13 And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. This tree was fit for nothing but to be cut down and fed to the fire. 9:33; Mark 4:41, etc,). This cursing of the barren fig-tree represents the state of hypocrites in general, and so teaches us that Christ looks for the power of religion in those who profess it, and the savour of it from those that have the show of it. What does this mean? The Relationship Between The Good Shepherd And His... Frank did not write this post. If you don’t want to pe… Paul warned Timothy “that in the last days perilous times will come” (2 Tim 3:1) and so, are they here already? Chronic fatigue, addiction, or depression causes... Will This Week Bring an Epiphany for Evangelicals? That’s what the conclusion of this parable is when He said “as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book  Blind Chance or Intelligent Design available on Amazon, Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners. In the Jewish culture, health and prosperity was a sign of God’s blessing. The Lord was righteous in it. His just expectations from flourishing professors are often disappointed; he comes to many, seeking fruit, and finds leaves only. 14 And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. The next morning (presumably Tuesday of Passion Week) Jesus Jesus cursing the fig tree is recorded in both Matthew 21:18-22 and Mark 11:12-14, 20-25. Although the fig-tree shall not blossom — Though all outward means of support should fail, yet will I still have a firm confidence in the power, goodness, and faithfulness of God, that he will preserve me, and supply me with all things necessary; and therefore, amidst the most threatening appearances of affairs, I shall still preserve inward peace and serenity of mind, as trusting in him in whom is … The cursing of the fig tree is an incident in the gospels, presented in Mark and Matthew as a miracle in connection with the entry into Jerusalem, and in Luke as a parable. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.”  Was Jesus purpose behind this lesson, as it is sometimes called “The Lesson of the Fig Tree,” that we should be aware that the time of the end of this age and Christ’s appearing will be when the fig tree starts putting out leaves? Someone tells Jesus about the Galileans who were killed when Pilate desecrated the temple by sacrificing a pig there. Guest Essay: Is America Suffering from Moral Injury? Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible Now from the fig tree learn her parable: when her branch has now become tender, and putteth forth its leaves, ye know that summer is nigh; even so ye also, when ye see all these things, know ye that he is nigh, even at the doors. Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! There … 21 And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away. Just from a practical standpoint, fig-trees were pleasurable things. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter and special offers. Commentary on Matthew 21:23-27 (Read Matthew 21:23-27) As our Lord now openly appeared as the Messiah, the chief priests and scribes were much offended, especially because he exposed and removed the abuses they encouraged. The disciples were amazed at how quickly the fig tree withered (v. 20). Since this tree had no early fruit, it was a sign that there would be no sweet fruit when the time for harvest arrived. Is it possible that there is a dual application to this teaching and that He is speaking both about the coming fall of Jerusalem and the end of the age? Like this fig tree, the nation of Israel has a deceptive appearance. And after they rejected Christ, blindness and hardness grew upon them, till they were undone, and their place and nation rooted up. Our Lord Jesus found among them nothing but leaves. During springtime, Palestinian fig trees begin producing taksh — Arabic for immature, edible figs. The fig-tree that had no fruit, soon, lost its leaves. Parable Of The Fig Tree: Summary, Meaning and Commentary. The lack of fruit on the fig tree represents the wickedness of these people who killed the prophets, Jesus, and Jesus’ disciples after Jesus’ crucifixion (Matthew 23:34). If you don’t abide in the vine or the Branch, then you’ll be cut off and thrown into the fire which pictures hell fire…the fire that cannot be quenched (Mark 9:48). ν και παντα τα δενδρα — tēn sukēn kai panta ta dendra). Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.”  We have a winery nearby and when you take a close look at the vine, it closely resembles a tree branch and is not much different in size from one either. But this particular tree draws Jesus’s attention because it already has a full covering of leaves. The "Budding" Fig Tree Parable, found in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, has Jesus likening the leaves of a budding fig tree to the second coming of Jesus. 3. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Is Jesus saying that when the branch puts forth its leaves then the time of His second coming is near? However, the nation as a whole has proved to be both lacking faith and … Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. Jesus' discourse in the temple. When Jesus mentions the branch in the Parable of the Fig Tree it reminded me of John 15 which appears to point to the Father as the Vinedresser and Jesus as the branch. Christ looked to find some fruit, for the time of gathering figs, though it was near, was not yet come; but he found none. The nation had promised great things to God. This is a blog series featuring contributors to the new book, Cruciform Scripture. The man who checks bags for bombs on our transport system was eating juicy figs and gave one to me with a smile. Get updates from Christian Crier delivered straight to your inbox. In this view, the fig tree is a symbol of the land of Israel. Second, we also need to observe that the cursing of the fig tree occurs on Monday of Jesus's Passion Week, four days before his crucifixion. This parable comes during what is called the Olivet Prophecy which is about the time just prior to Jesus coming so it must be about the end of the present age…and just prior to His appearing a second time to judge the living and the dead. Another Reading on Patheos to Check Out: What Did Jesus Really Look Like: A Look at the Bible Facts, Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane Kansas. Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. Our Lord asked what they thought of John's ministry and baptism. A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:20-21: The Fig Tree’s lack of Fruit represents the Wickedness of Jerusalem, the City that killed the Prophets, Jesus, and the Saints.. It seems so. A fig tree in full leaf in April should have been covered with early fruit. Jesus asks if these Galileans were more sinful than other Galileans. What meaning is there for believers today? Jesus has already said that “when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates” (Matt 24:33) so it appears to fit the context of the end of the age. When Jesus mentions the branch in the Parable of the Fig Tree it reminded me of John 15 which appears to point to the Father as the Vinedresser and Jesus as the branch. When Jesus spoke the Parable of the Fig Tree, what did He try to communicate to His listeners? The day of His visitation or coming judgment as He will come as “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit” (Isaiah 11:1). Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. 7 “And he said to the vineyard-keeper, ‘Behold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. Second, understanding what it means for figs to be in season shows us how Jesus can expect fruit when it is not fig season. This parable of the fig-tree (Mark 13:28-32; Matthew 24:32-35) Luke applies to “all the trees.” It is true about all of them, but the fig tree was very common in Palestine. This miracle, which can also be classified as a parable, is recorded in more detail in Mark than in Matthew. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. He made this fig-tree an example, not to the trees, but to the men of that generation. Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.”  We have a winery nearby and when you take a close look at the vine, it closely resembles a tree branch and is not much different in size from one either. If He will be very near to the gates then this means that He’s ready to come back again at any moment but this time He comes not as the mild and meek Lamb of God but as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, ready to judge the world in righteousness. In reality, everyone is just one heartbeat away from eternity and the judgment of God because we all have an appointment with death (Heb 9:27) and no one can know when that time is so we must always be ready for His appearing as He says “Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect” (Matt 24:44). This cursing of the barren fig-tree represents the state of hypocrites in general, and so teaches us that Christ looks for the power of religion in those who profess it, and the savour of it from those that have the show of it. The three entities in the story all have clear symbolic significance. Third, this story is placed next to the story of Jesus cleansing the temple in Jerusalem (Matthew 21:12-17). —As in so many other instances (comp. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament, Second Edition, The Gospel According to John: Pillar New Testament Commentary [PNTC], Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume VI (Acts to Revelation) - eBook. In the same way, poverty, sickness, etc. 2. Notes on John 8:12; John 10:1), we may think of the words as illustrated by a living example.Both time and place make this probable. Mk 13:28,29 Luke 21:29-31, Isaiah 34:4 There are two popular interpretations of the Fig Tree Parable. tes sukes mathete (2PAAM) ten parabolen hotan ede o klados auts genetai (3SAMS) apalos kai ta phulla ekphue (3SPAS) ginoskete (2PPAI) hoti eggus to theros.:. Mark 11:12-14. Let us greatly fear the doom denounced on the barren fig-tree. Since we know that Jesse’s son was David, this “stump” must be David and Jesus was of the line of David so there can be no doubt that this Branch is Jesus. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter. Jesus spoke the Parable or the Lesson of the Fig Tree in Matthew 24:32-35 as such: “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. The fig tree generation is the generation that will not pass till all things prophesied in Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21 be fulfilled. Its foliage signals that it should have early figs. First, in the Old Testament the fig tree often stood as a symbol for the nation of Israel (Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 9:10). In a way, you could almost think of meeting under a fig-tree as the biblical equivalent of meeting at a Starbucks. These are perilous times in which we live in and they appear to be growing more evil every day. 20 And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. He drives out those who profaned the temple. Matthew 24:32 "Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near: Apo de. In the morning, as he travels from Bethany, he spots a fig tree “in leaf.” At this point in late spring, most fig trees haven’t developed mature fruit (Mark 11:13). I invite you to take your Bible and do that. 22 And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God. The specific purpose of Jesus’ giving the Parable of the Fig Tree and the other parables in Luke 21 is actually given in Luke 13:3 where He says “but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish” and “If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned” (John 15:6). When all the other nations were like trees without leaves, making no profession of allegiance to the true God, the Jewish nation was covered with the leafage of abundant religious profession. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, What Did Jesus Really Look Like: A Look at the Bible Facts, How Abraham Was Justified 2,000 Years Before Christ. All one has to do to see that the world is becoming increasingly dangerous to live to simply watch the news. The barren fig-tree cursed. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. In v. 13, Jesus curses a fig tree without fruit. (Mt 21:23-27). Each of us must walk in the light we have. Three insights will help us understand this story: 1. "These things" are the events foretold to happen as the end nears. It’s about a fig tree that doesn’t produce fruit. Jesus, therefore, can curse the fig tree if He so desires. It’s an early bloomer. They were not. This morning we want to return in our study to Matthew chapter 21. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. (32) Now learn a parable of the fig tree. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.”, “Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect”, “when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates”, “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. were signs that one was sinful and disobeying God. The first interpretation concerns the nation of Israel. That’s what the conclusion of this parable is when He said “as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. They continually marveled at the overwhelming powerful miracles that the Lord performed (Matt. The blighted fig tree was a singularly apt simile of the Jewish state. Next commentary: For their worm shall not die, their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.”  Not a future that I would envy for anyone, therefore I pray you consider repenting today and confessing your sins and then putting your trust in Christ if you have not already done so, for there is no other way to escape the great fire that is surely coming (Rev 20:15). The fruit of the fig-tree was good and sweet; and so people would often go to a fig-tree to sit back, relax, and reflect while munching away at a fig (John 1:48). New International Version (NIV), Matthew 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible. Jesus enters Jerusalem amid exultation from the masses gathered for Passover. And it gives its readers a dire warning: Unless you repent, you will perish. The Parable of the Fig Tree is an encouragement for us to watch the signs of the times. 6 And He began telling this parable: “A man had a fig tree which had been planted in his vineyard; and he came looking for fruit on it and did not find any. A close look at these accounts provides insights regarding why Jesus chose to curse this fig tree. A false profession commonly withers in this world, and it is the effect of Christ's curse. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates” (Matt 24:32b-33). Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about. And presently the fig tree withered away. 20 And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away! Let us greatly fear the doom denounced on the barren fig-tree. This tree had nothing to offer and it was therefore useless! The parables are to reveal what has previously been hidden as a mystery and He wanted them and He wants us to “know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.”  He speaks these for our understanding but to those who refuse to bend the knee to Christ He spoke “to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand” (Matt 13:13). With that expectation, Jesus in… Jesus quoted Isaiah, His favorite Old Testament author, who wrote in Isaiah 66:2 about those who would reject Him that “they shall go out and look on the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against me. Jesus prophesied coming has been foretold by many of the prophets but the symbolism of His being a righteous Branch is found throughout the Old Testament like in Jeremiah 23:5 who wrote “Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.”  Isaiah also writes something very similar; “In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel” (4:2) but what is the day he writes about? The same power is available to us by faith when we share the gospel and watch the miracle of new birth take place in others. The money lende… The vineyard owner represents God, the one who rightly expects to see fruit on His tree and who justly decides to destroy it when He finds none. And it was common knowledge in Jesus’ time that if you saw leaves on a fig tree, you could also expect fruit unless the tree was barren. When Jesus returns to judge the souls of men and women, is He giving us a clue as to when this great harvest is going to happen? So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates”, “Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.”, “In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel”, “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit”, “but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish”, “If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned”, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. He drives out those who profaned the temple. The barren fig-tree cursed, The temple cleansed. In John 15:-3 He says “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. 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